Studia Historica Septentrionalia 56
Kari Alenius, Olavi K. Fält, Markus Mertaniemi (toim.),

Imagology and cross-cultural encounters in history.

Pohjois-Suomen Historiallinen Yhdistys, Rovaniemi 2008, 323 s, mv-kuvitus.

The Department of History at the University of Oulu in Finland organized the Conference on Imagology and Cross-cultural Encounters in History on August 29–31, 2007. The papers presented at the conference are published here. The purpose of the conference was firstly to consider utilization of an imagological viewpoint in the study of history in general. The themes included national and international symbols, persons and groups of people, but also images, as explaining factors in political and economic decision-making.

Secondly, the conference examined interaction between cultures, because it has always been apparent how difficult it is to understand others and dissimilarity. Images of others and dissimilarity are similar to a biological territory that protects one’s own species. The purpose of the conference was to shed light on these problems through examples from different ages, which provide an additional perspective in examining corresponding phenomena today. If we understand the processes related to images, we can also understand ourselves better.


1. Theoretical Perspectives on Imagology and History

A.W. Johnson, Imagology, Literature, and the Writing of History: Shakespeare’s Tempest and the Iconospheres of Prospero’s Books

Juho Mikkonen, Historical Imagology and the Modern Press

Olavi K. Fält, Theoretical roots of the study of historical images

2. Early Images of Others and Authority and Their Effect on Later Images

Marika Rauhala, The Greek Mother of Gods – No Model for Mortals?

Markus Mertaniemi, Values of Hatred: Rhetoric and Image of Christianity Before and During the Great Persecution 303 – 312 AD

Maijastina Kahlos, Bene currunt, sed in via non currunt. The Image of Good Pagans in fourth- and fifth-century Christian Literature

Päivi Collander, Romans Depictions and Political Perspective on the Huns as “Others” in Late Antiquity

Inka Moilanen, Literary Parallels between Heavenly and Earthly Authorities in Early Medieval West

Timo Sironen, A model in ethnic depiction – created 2000 years ago and adapted in 1684 on Lapps

3. Images as Tools in the Reconstruction of National and Social Identities in 17th – 19th Centuries

Esko Nevalainen, The Scottish National Covenant as a Symbol and the Identity of the Scottish Covenanters

Jarmo Pulkkinen, Frederick II of Prussia and the Clockwork State

Marko Junkkarinen, Images on Socio-Ethnic Groups in Robert Morris’s Worldview

Marja Vuorinen, Contact Becomes Conflict: Nobility as a Counter-Image of the Aspiring 19th Century Bourgeoisie

Kati Parppei, Myths, Legends and Politics. The Formation of the Historiographical Image of the Monastery of Valaam

Karin Hiiemaa, The Image of Africa in Estonian Printed Word

Andreas Lawaty, ”Germanic“ and ”Slavic“ as Concepts of German and Polish National Discourses

Jyrki Outinen, Negotiating Others: The Image of the Turk in the Finnish Soldiers’ War Memoirs of the Russo-Turkish War in 1877 – 1878

4. Images of Class, Gender, and Enemy in 20th Century Imagination

Veronika Sušová, Images of Domination: Representations of Ethnic Hierarchies in Russian Geography Textbooks in 1875 – 1918

David Ratz, The Early Image of Finland in Canada

Raita Merivirta-Chakrabarti, “Good heroic Irish men and nasty, brutal British people”?: the Image of the British (and the Irish) in Irish Film

Tiina Lintunen, Images of Woman Enemies

Nina Työlahti, The New Woman – a Joint Venture? A Rebellious Image as a Cross-cultural Perception

Jan Záhoøík, Before the War: Creating an Image of Ethiopia in Fascist Italy and Contemporary Europe

5. Transformations of Images in Recent History

Kari Väyrynen, ‘Ecological Wisdom’ of Eastern Philosophy – Critical Perspectives

Tuula Okkonen, Successful Abandonment of the Image of the Enemy and the Reorientation of the Japanese

Henry Oinas-Kukkonen & Mikko Myllykangas, 15 Years of Transformations of ‘Oulu Phenomenon’ as a Symbol, 1988 – 2002

Kari Alenius, ”Dishonest Estonians bear the responsibility for the failure”. The image of the Estonian-Russian border negotiations in 2005 conveyed by Nezavisimaya Gazeta